The IRENA has released a new study on grid codes for renewable energy systems. The research examined the most recent advancements and best practices for developing grid connection codes for an electrical network that uses a high proportion of variable green energy.
The research goes into detail on the technical needs for linking VRE generators to emerging technologies including storage, electric cars, and variable demand.
There is an immediate need to implement renewable energy solutions to meet rising demand and eliminate polluting generators. This might lead to practically entirely renewable energy in some economies by the mid-century.
The incorporation of VREs influences system operation. The replacement of traditional static generating technologies with VRE generation alters the power system’s dynamic response to disturbances and uncertainties.
Furthermore, the electricity system is already substantially different from what it was just a few years ago. The three aspects of decentralization, digitization, and end-user electrification are propelling the evolution of the electricity system on a new and different path under the emissions reduction umbrella.
All of this has an impact on the system’s functionality. The system operator is responsible for ensuring that the system is both adaptable and stable. Successful VRE adoption is also dependent on system operators’ operational competence, electricity system arrangements, ancillary service architecture, market structures, and related policies.
Grid Codes thus play an important role in fostering confidence among system operators and participants. They continue to be one of the most important tools for ensuring the security of an electrical system’s output at all times.
Grid connection codes specify the technical requirements, restrictions, and actions of all active players in the power grid, such as power generators, variable loads, storage, and other entities. These codes must also evolve in order for emerging technology to be properly connected to the network without jeopardizing power quality.